American Native Spirituality


Sachem Walkingfox prays for those who have crossed
over at the former Carlisle Indian School in Pennsylvania.


Spirituality, is not religion.

Speaking in the name of religion, is a good way to assure a battle.

Religion, since the beginning of time has always

been a way to pit humans against each other.

'In the name of my God, I take your

life and your land and your wampum.'


In the name of Allah or God or whatever,

it has been an excuse for a dominating country or race

to make servants out of smaller, less populated races or countries.

In the Creator's eyes, we are all servants of the master.

We need to spend more time learning how to serve the Creator

and less time trying to make servants out of our fellow man.

The more we learn to serve the Creator,

the better everyone's life on Mother Earth will be.

Sachem Walkingfox


This page has information about one of my Mohegan Ancestors:

Preacher Samson Occum



This first reference resource is an excellent view of the effect

of the Europeans on the culture and spirituality of my people.

Especially note the references numbered 26-30 from the book

reviewed and included in the link below of Professor Ryan.

George E. Tinker, Missionary Conquest:

The Gospel and Native American Cultural Genocide



This subject is personally close to my heart as I spent many hours

with prisoners who had often been denied the right to practice

their Native Spiritual believes while incarcerated.

American Native Spiritual Freedom in Prison



John Barry Ryan, a Professor of

Religious Studies at Manhattan College,

describes and defines American Native Spirituality.

Listening to Native Americans:
Making Peace with the Past for the Future



The University of Virginia stores an extraordinary

online collection of works by Native and Non Native writers.

This one by Marie L. McLaughlin is about the Lakota people.

Myths and Legends of the Sioux



An excellent guide for those who teach about our

Native Spirituality with many good reference resources.

Native American Religion in Early America



This web page has a good description of

American Native Spirituality.

Native American Spirituality



The University of Virginia has kindly reprinted

this work by Simon Pokagon.

Native Superstitions and Legends



Originally published in 1907, this story about the Lakota was

written by Charles Eastman, who would become the first

Doctor at the Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota.

Old Indian Days



An unverified collection of comments made by

Seneca Red Jacket about American Native Spirituality.

Red Jacket defends American Native Spirituality



Elaine Lunham of Bay Mills Community College

describes the American Native tradition of smudging.




Charles Eastman wrote this beautiful work

about American Native Spirituality.

The Soul of the Indian



**An extremely frank description of the Sun Dance,**

the contents of this web page may be difficult

for the young or sensitive reader.

The Sun-Dance of the Sioux



A series of exchanges concerning who is

best fit to teach American Native Spirituality.

Teaching Native American Religions



This University of Pennsylvania's Museum

exhibition is about American Native Medicines.

Traditional Healing and Western Medicine



You may contact Sachem Walkingfox at:

sachemuncas at



My other web sites are at:

Sachem Speaks Wordpress

My Smudging Blog Spot




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Responding To Inquisitive Minds since July 1999

Last edited November 12, 2022

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