carries his Mohegan staff
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Before beginning the story of Sachem Uncas,
also known as the Fox,
for his abilities to outsmart all who
wished him dead,
I need to be sure that it is understood
that the sources for
some of this information was handed
down by my Grandfather
and other Elders and some was from other
All of these teachings by my Mohegan Elders, took
our monthly meetings, while I was growing up in Uncasvillage.
As computers, telephones or libraries did
not exist in
the time of Sachem Uncas, it would be
to say that there is any source about him
that is perfect.
It is very disturbing to me and my family
to read all of the
so called true stories about not only
but the Mohegan people as well,
written by those
who are neither Mohegan, nor even Native.
How can one be an expert without living the
This is what I know:
Uncas, who was the first Sachem of the Mohegan People
was a descendant of Royal Blood.
His mother was Mekunump and his father was Oweneco,
they were both Pequots.
The signature of Sachem Uncas
Uncas was born near what is today Norwichtown,
the historical Pequotvillage in Connecticut
and lived in the time of 1588-1683?
Most people believe that American Natives chased
their food source,
mainly the Woolly Mammoth, through the Bering Straits Land
and that our people then came across and down into what
are now the Great Lakes and the Hudson River
Our English name became known as the Monheags.
of these groups of people became land diggers or farmers,
however, most of the tribes in
that area were warring tribes
which over time, forced this group of Monheag People
After some time and many forced movements, this
group of Monheags
ended up along the Quinatucquet River, which later
known as the Connecticut River in what is now Connecticut.
The many years of battles and losing their
farms, taught this tribe
how to fight, so that when the Mashantuckets, Missituks,
Niantic’s, like the Mohawks had so long ago, came to
destroy them and take their farms, the Monheags
were ready for them, waging war first on them,
then the Dutch and then the French.
After this, the Dutch called
them the Pequins,
then the French changed their name to Pequods
and the English
changed it to Pequot’s.
At the time when the English showed up on the Quinatucquet and
Pequot Rivers, Sachem Wopigwooit was the leader of the tribe.
After his passing, the people then chose Sasscus as leader,
instead of Uncas who should have rightfully been Sachem,
hoping that he
would force the English back into the ocean.
Sasscus like the Niantic’s and the Narragansett’s
the English and was at war with them constantly.
War chief Uncas, who was Sasscus's son in law, tried to
with Sasscus and the people, but they would not listen to him.
So Uncas took all who wished to go with him,
across the Pequot River,
to the Caucheganvillage,
their old name Monheags
and became their Sachem.
When it became clear that Sachem Sasscus would not rest
until the English, Niantic’s, Narragansett’s and all of
surrounding tribes were removed from the land, everyone
came together and completely eliminated the Pequots.
The English changed the name of our river to the Thames River
and Sachem Uncas’s people eventually became
known as the Mohegan’s.
Indian Leap Falls in Norwich,
the City of Kings, Connecticut.
Uncas Leap Falls
This is a true story of just what did happen at the
Great Falls in the City of Kings, so very long ago.
Early one morning, Sachem Uncas
was at the
Cauchegan Prayer Rock
near what is now Montville, Connecticut,
where he often prayed and held court.
enemy from the North had a scout band
of their tribe hiding in the woods waiting,
for they knew that Uncas loved this place.
When Uncas arrived to pray, this leader from the North,
sent some of his braves back to the village to advise his
Chief of the their plan to attempt to capture Uncas.
leader from the North, fearing the loss of his enemy
Uncas and hoping to become a hero to his tribe,
convinced his braves to leave their hiding places
in the woods and try to capture Sachem Uncas.
enemy from the North cut off all of the paths back
to the City of the Kings, so Uncas went North.
Uncas and his men, ran until they came to the Great Falls,
another prayer place for the Mohegans.
now all of the Mohegan warriors were aware of the
situation and were pursuing the Narragansetts,
or the Enemy from the
North as they were called.
These Warriors chased
Uncas to the Falls,
but not familiar with the local terrain or the area.
Sachem Uncas quickly leaped 40 foot over the falls,
landing on what is now called the prayer altar and safety.
The Narragansetts were now trapped.
They tried to jump the falls as had Sachem Uncas,
but were not successful.
You may contact Sachem Walkingfox at:
sachemuncas at centurylink.net
My other web sites are at:
Uncas at Tripod
Walkingfox at Tripod
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